Before the late 17th century, when pewter, silver and ceramics were used as tableware, the majority of items used were from carved wood. Treen has become highly collectable due to its fine patina and tactile appeal. Antique Treen – a brief history In the latter half of the twentieth century, interest in treen and other wooden bygone objects grew considerably, as with interest in antiques in general. Treen covers a wide spectrum of objects, however ornaments are never described as treen, as all treen were made for a specific use and in their making a well proportioned attractive form is conveyed through a high level of craftsmanship. A suitable timber for its purpose was always used and nowadays through many years of use a good colour and patination is most desired. In the 17th century in England the turner most probably had no equal, and the wealthy of those days had their vessels made from imported woods such as lignum vitae. Carved wooden objects on the other hand were less desired by the wealthy in England, and therefore the finest carved objects originated from France, Italy and other Western European states. Such a variety of woods were used that in some cases it is hard to verify the type, and designs were used for generations, so dating is more of an art than a science. Wood was used so prevalently in those days, because it was abundant and less expensive to use than other costly alternatives, hence many objects with sometimes more than one purpose were turned and carved, which makes collecting treen and other wooden bygones such a satisfying and interesting hobby.

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Mesopotamia In the museum at Baghdad, in the British Museum , and in the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia are finely executed objects in beaten copper from the royal graves at Ur modern Tall al-Muqayyar in ancient Sumer. This relief illustrates the high level of art and technical skill attained by the Sumerians in the days of the 1st dynasty of Ur c. The malleability of unalloyed copper, which renders it too soft for weapons, is peculiarly valuable in the formation of vessels of every variety of form; and it has been put to this use in almost every age.

Copper domestic vessels were regularly made in Sumer during the 4th millennium bc and in Egypt a little later. Egypt From whatever source Egypt may have obtained its metalworking processes, Egyptian work at a remote period possesses an excellence that, in some respects, has never been surpassed.

Welcome to Martin Fennelly Art and Antique Gallery Home for Art and Antiques in Ireland. Martin Fennelly Antiques is renowned for a refined ambience and unsurpassed opulence.

That said, I am posting this on his behalf as he brought an item out today and said “i’ve never been able to figure out what this is” and I said “we’ll figure it out dad” but I have no idea how. I wish I’d gotten a little better description but here are the pics. It is a heavy object, he claims it is brass. It is about 6 inches in length, being maybe inches wide. It has some sort of a post coming out of the bottom that I have to assume was originally used to insert into something or other.

It has two flat-tish sides that look like they were originally meant to house string or something. Pics below – thanks in advance for any pointers. Found along the old Erie canal at the forks of the Wabash river, near Huntington, Indiana. Thank You Wendy Greetings from England! This appears to be part of a Centrifugal Governor, a device engineers used to use to keep steam engines working efficiently, in the 18th th century.

Obviously you don’t see them nowadays because of modern technology, sensors and things. But what you have there is a treasure from a bygone age!

Economic and Social History: Industry and Trade, 1500-1880

The enduring appeal of this clock is in its magnificent presentation. The entire presentation weighs an astounding 17 pounds and measures 10 inches in diameter overall by 4 inches deep. It is in excellent running condition and is a good time keeper, striking the ships bell sequence properly with a clear sonorous tone.

King Henry VIII died on January 28, It was the end of an era. His will commanded he be buried with his beloved wife Jane Seymour, the only wife to give birth to a surviving legitimate male heir. Henry had given her a magnificent funeral after which she was buried in a vault under.

Paul, MN Copper and its alloys, including brass and bronze, are among the oldest metals used by mankind. Dating back to ancient times, these metals gained wide use due to the ease with which their components were produced from ores. Copper also occurs in its native form in many places on our planet. Today, these metals continue to have many uses and have excellent value for recycling.

At our Minneapolis metal recycling company, we actively purchase scrap copper, brass, and bronze scrap from sellers, both individual and industrial. We buy all forms of these metals and pay top prices for them based on current market conditions.

Antique Fairs in Cheshire

Where do you find this? It looks early 20 th C to me. The symbolism is political, and indicative of some of the far right organisations pre ww2. Quite possibly Italian s The helmet is highly stylized and has the look of the type of kitsche item mass produced in Italy during Mussolinis dictatorship. The stars are not anything I’ve seen in anything actually ancient Roman.

J. Collins & Son specialise in selling antique treen and other wooden bygone objects. Before the late 17th century, when pewter, silver and ceramics were used as tableware, the majority of .

Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. August Learn how and when to remove this template message In an artistic representation, King Solomon dedicates the Temple at Jerusalem painting by James Tissot or follower, c. The Bible describes Hiram I of Tyre who furnished architects, workmen and cedar timbers for the temple of his ally Solomon at Jerusalem.

He also co-operated with Solomon in mounting an expedition on the Red Sea. The conventional dates of Solomon’s reign are circa to BCE. This puts the date of its construction in the mid th century BCE. The Temple itself finished being built after 7 years. A decade later, Nebuchadnezzar again besieged Jerusalem and after 30 months finally breached the city walls in BCE, subsequently burning the Temple, along with most of the city 2 Kings Technical details are lacking, since the scribes who wrote the books were not architects or engineers.

Reconstructions differ; the following is largely based on Easton’s Bible Dictionary and the Jewish Encyclopedia: The usual explanation for the discrepancy between its height and the cubit height of the temple is that its floor was elevated, like the cella of other ancient temples.

Constanta (Kohn stahn’ tsah)

Towards the end of the novel, Hugo explains the work’s overarching structure: The hydra at the beginning, the angel at the end. The novel contains various subplots, but the main thread is the story of ex-convict Jean Valjean , who becomes a force for good in the world but cannot escape his criminal past. The novel is divided into five volumes, each volume divided into several books, and subdivided into chapters, for a total of 48 books and chapters.

Lighting in the Victorian home, from candles to the advent of electric lighting, by Jonathan Taylor.

The multiplicity of trades and of factories and workshops makes a minute description of Birmingham’s industry difficult. At least for the later part of this period most trades and workplaces are recorded somewhere, if not in one of the extensive 19thcentury surveys, fn. In rate books and directories manufacturers’ names, too, have probably survived, at least for recent times.

It is not possible here, however, to make a comprehensive survey of all these matters, while to concentrate on large firms only would deflect attention from the smaller undertakings which were the source of the bulk of employment and wealth. What has been attempted here is an analysis of the principal features of Birmingham’s industrial growth at various times within the period, and some guide to the literature on the subject.

Court, which treat the conurbation as a whole. The leather industry may then have been organized for manufacturing and trading purposes, for the merchants and craftsmen possessed a ‘leather-hall’ and controlled inspecting officers. Yet at that time the cloth and leather trades were probably still more important than the iron industry.

Revelation 1 KJV

Figures are for for Birmingham and the Black Country: In the census takers found that In it was found that 51 establishments employing 2, workers remained in the trade in Birmingham and the Black Country.

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Mesopotamia In the museum at Baghdad, in the British Museum , and in the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia are finely executed objects in beaten copper from the royal graves at Ur modern Tall al-Muqayyar in ancient Sumer. This relief illustrates the high level of art and technical skill attained by the Sumerians in the days of the 1st dynasty of Ur c. The malleability of unalloyed copper, which renders it too soft for weapons, is peculiarly valuable in the formation of vessels of every variety of form; and it has been put to this use in almost every age.

Copper domestic vessels were regularly made in Sumer during the 4th millennium bc and in Egypt a little later. Egypt From whatever source Egypt may have obtained its metalworking processes, Egyptian work at a remote period possesses an excellence that, in some respects, has never been surpassed. Throughout Egyptian history, the same smiths who worked in the precious metals worked also in copper and bronze.

Nearly every fashionable Egyptian, man or woman, possessed a hand mirror of polished copper, bronze, or silver. Copper pitchers and basins for hand washing at meals were placed in the tombs. An unusual example in the Metropolitan Museum of Art is plated with antimony to imitate silver, which was very rare in the Old Kingdom c. The basins and the bodies of the ewers were hammered from single sheets of copper. The spouts of the ewers were cast in molds and attached to the bodies by means of copper rivets or were simply inserted in place and crimped to the bodies by cold hammering.

Furniture : Armchairs, chairs, seats, stools

I am pleased to report that the house was purchased and made its journey to New Jersey for much needed restoration. I will be writing a magazine article about the house once the restoration is complete, but I want to share a little bit about it here as I get started. It was built in at the request of a lady who owned a bookshop in Boston.

It was built for a specific doll that resided in the bookshop and the scale is a monumental 2″ to 1′, so the house is five feet tall! The family from whom I purchased the house had owned it for over 40 years and in that time, it had seen a lot of play. The children could actually climb into the principal rooms and curl up in them, and over the years, all that platy took its toll, but it was so fortunate that no one ever painted over the two Sidney Burleigh murals that made me fall in love with this house.

Kitchen Antiques Historic kitchen equipment, culinary objects >>Resources divided into: >>Museum collections of culinary objects >>Fireplace cooking, cast iron >>18th and/or 19th century kitchen items >>Early 20th and/or 19th century >>Earlier and miscellaneous Or jump down to the page to Victorian advice on equipping a kitchen.

Having a distinctive almond shaped skull with characteristic stalk-like projection resembling a pear and giving these helmets their name cabacette. Many of these were held in English church armouries from the time of the Armada, and examples were taken to the New World by the earliest English settlers, one has been found during excavations at Jamestown Island. This is a pleasing example, the rosettes and plume holder being restorations.

In all a handsome example of munition armour of the late 16th Century. In addition to being a being a famous writer, Scott was also an antiquary who assembled an important collection of arms and armour. He was a contemporary and correspondant of Samuel Rush Meyrick, and indeed commissioned him to procure items for his armoury. The armoury is on public display at Abbotsford and is to be recommended to the student of arms and armour.

The gauntlet dates to the late 16th Century and is of steel decorated with brass-capped rivets.

How to Value Antique Candlesticks