A City Lost in Time This page looks at some published dimensions of buildings and courtyards at Tiwanaku and analyses them in terms of “Egyptian” and “Sumerian” cubits. This had practical applications in land measurements since Sumerian cubits was equal to 96 Egyptian cubits and this facilitated subdivision in whole numbers.. See links to earlier essays at foot of page. For that reason, it is not unusual to find both ‘Sumerian’ cubits and ‘Egyptian’ cubits present at the same locations. The Spanish Conquistadors also brought with them a yard or ‘vara’ of 33″ which obviously had its origin in the Sumerian yard of The Sumerian cubit of Something that has surprised some archaeologists in the past was the frequency with which some pre-Columbian sites came out in round numbers of metres – but then maybe they should have changed from a metric tape measure to a Sumerian one! The object of this page is to look at the stone monuments of Tiwanaku to see if they were constructed in known units such as the “Sumerian” or “Egyptian” cubits. Above, plan of Kalasasaya compound according to H.
Peru & Bolivia
Tonight Ancient Aliens focused on a single site, Puma Punku in Bolivia, rehashing the exact same material first presented in the pilot Puma Punku discussion starts at This material was carefully debunked by the podcasters Dumbass and Skeptoid, and there is nothing in this episode that hasn’t been refuted countless times since , when the first alternative interpretations of the site began. Chief alien enthusiast Giorgio Tsoukalos: Tiwanaku is not 17, years old.
This date derives from the work of Arthur Posnansky, who tried to apply archaeoastronomy to the site but did so in ways that modern scholars do not recognize as legitimate.
Puma Punku is a large temple complex located in Tiwanaku, Bolivia. In Aymara, the name Puma Punku means, “The Door of the Cougar”. It is situated near the south eastern shore of Lake Titicaca, and sits on a plateau in the Andes at roughly 12, feet elevation.
As is well known, the great Andean population and that of the nearby regions, was composed in the greater part of farmers and herdsmen there also existed tribes which devoted themselves exclusively to fishing , and Tihuanacu was the religious and cultural nucleus. The population was extremely dense, as serious studies in this respect show. Thus it resulted that the agricultural and cattle production of a relatively small region had to provide the support for considerable masses of individuals and so the country was cultivated in an intense way, as we shall see farther on.
A bad agricultural year brought famine, discontent, social disturbances and the consequent discredit of the dominant castes. It is also known, even by the person most ignorant of agronomy, that to obtain good harvests and abundant issue in cattle, an exact knowledge of the calendar is necessary. The different seasons and the right times for plowing the fields must be determined, as well as the corresponding seasons for the sowing of certain crops, and the exact moment for breeding various types of cattle.
Of course, the man who is a product of modern culture, and who has an almanac, can scarcely appreciate the importance in that epoch, of possessing exact calendarian knowledge.
Phim SEX HAY, Em Gái Múp Vãi
It is part of a larger archaeological complex known as Tiahuanacu , and is considered to be one of the most important sites of Andean history. According to him and his supporters, Puma Punku is considered to be one of the oldest archaeological sites on the face of Earth, dating back to 13, BCE. Another group of archaeologists used the unreliable carbon dating method to date the site to about AD. The most intriguing thing about Puma Punku is the stonework.
Another phenomenon of engineering is that each stone weighs up to tons. According to the local myths, Puma Punku is related to the Gods and the time of the first creation.
Puma punku carbon dating david foster dating Rated stars based on 33 reviews This policy gives our customers quality and safety piece of mind as a result of Jøtul s vast experience dating back to Replacing the carbon brushes (Puma.
The above two images are fairly drastic in both appearance and context. I said exploration not excavation. There is a difference IMHO. So, the big question, just how old are they? This is an interesting question with no easy answer. Before I get into the controversy over that aspect let us begin with what the prevailing paradigm of modern Academia has to say about the site… Tiwanaku Spanish: Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu The area around Tiahuanaco may have been inhabited as early as BC as a small agriculturally-based village.
During the time period between BC and AD Tiwanaku is thought to have been a moral and cosmological center to which many people made pilgrimages. There has been C dating.
Puma Punku And Tiwanaku Bolivia: Ancient High Technology Full Lecture
Saturday, May 16, Read Puma punku is the name of a large temple complex located near Tiwanaku, in Bolivia, and is part of a larger archaeological site known as Tiahuanacu. The most intriguing thing about Puma punku is the stonework. Puma punku was a terraced earthen mound originally faced with megalithic blocks, each weighing several tens of tons.
Puma Punku Unexplained Structures – The Best Documentary Ever The Mysterious And Intriguing Ruins Of Tihuanaco And Puma punku видео. Re-Dating Puma Punku And Tiwanaku With Geologist Dr. Robert Schoch. Puma Punku Worlds Strangest Place Ancient Aliens, Annunaki.
Rather than an entity unto itself, Puma Punku is in the vicinity of, and indeed a part of, the far more famous Tiwanaku Tiahuanaco complex, the latter being less than 1 km away from the former. However, less than 10 percent of the visitors who make the trip across the Peruvian border, or the 72 km from La Paz, the capital of Bolivia, to see Tiwanaku, ever visit Puma Punku.
To a great extent, the reason for this is that while Tiwanaku has a museum, a large parking lot, restaurants, and flags waving to attract attention, Puma Punku lies inside a rusting wire fence, with only a small sign of faded letters and crumbling paint to welcome any visitor. If the average visitor to Tiwanaku would dare to simply walk through the gate and saunter a few hundred feet, they would be shocked at what their eyes would behold.
Technically precise, as in almost perfectly flat, hard stone surfaces that hint of having been machined, confront the observer, a far cry from the standard academic idea that seemingly primitive Native Aymara or related people dressed and polished the grey andesite with stone hammers and copper or bronze chisels.
The enduring questions always remain. Who made Puma Punku? When, how, and why? Current understanding of this complex is limited due to its age, to the lack of a written record, to the current deteriorated state of the structures, and due to treasure hunting, looting, and stone mining for building stone and railroad ballast, and to natural weathering.
Also, destructive, rather than constructive archaeological missions in the past, mainly at the Tiwanaku site, have caused the Bolivian government to hesitate at letting any further digs commence.
The Mystery of Puma Punku’s Precision
The megalithic stones found here are among the largest on the planet, measuring up to 26 feet long and weighing more than tons each. If you look at the stones carefully, you can see some intricate stonework, as though they used machine tools or even lasers. Evidence of ancient civilizations using modern technology? At Puma Punku you will find incredible stones with perfect right angles, almost smooth as glass, this makes Puma Punku unique.
Only few places on earth display this type of stone work.
The Engineers of Puma Punku Using archaeo-astronomical dating popularized by Arthur Posnasky in , the site has been dated to be 15, years old, but modern scholars dismiss this date and have dated it much later—to from around AD to AD The more ancient date still survives with some researchers, who link the site with other.
What could have created so much energy to throw stones weighing hundreds of tons all around the place? Puma Punku is without a doubt one of the most fascinating ancient sites on the planet. Located in modern-day Bolivia, Puma Punku is part of an even larger archaeological complex known as Tiahuanaco. This mysterious ancient site remains as one of the most enigmatic archaeological complexes ever discovered on the planet. Based on recent carbon dating tests performed on organic material on the site, researchers estimate that this fascinating ancient complex was erected by the ancient Tiahuanaco people around and AD —predating the famous Inca civilization.
The stonework found at Puma Punku is beyond fascinating. The andesite stones used in the construction process of this megalithic site were cut with such precision that they fit together perfectly, and are interlocked with each other without the use of mortar. Not even a sheet of paper can fit between their thousand-year-old stones. But how was this possible thousands of years ago?
Even before the Inca, which are known to have been very skilled engineers? Puma Punku was created by an ancient culture which did not have a writing system and did not know about the wheel.
Video: Puma Punku: Revolutionary New Way To Date The Stone
Carbon dating has its limitations but it can give an answer that serves as a good guideline. If a bone is dated to be years it most likely IS years and it sure cannot be years old or even assuming of course that the one who took the measurements was not drunk or half asleep. Beware though, precession is a dangerous “path”. Most alignments claimed are periodical occurrences so, true to form, they appear time and time again.
If the “dating” of Puma Punku to years ago is based solely on some, fabricated or not, alignment, what keeps us from claiming that it is far far older than years?
Puma Punku: (Puma Puncu, Puma Pumku). Puma Punku is a single part of the greater Tiahuanaco complex. The Puma Punku temple offers one of the best examples of masonry skills in the whole of the pre-Columbian Americas.
This episode comes back to a place which many previous episodes of the show have brought up. As I pointed out in earlier reviews for this season, they seem to be revisiting some older material from the show. In this case, I’m alright with it though. The reason is that every time they mention this place, there seems to be something else cool to learn about it.
This place is so awesome looking that it makes me want to actually go there one day if they allow tourism in that area. And that’s rare for me. There’s good reason though. If any place I’ve ever seen or heard of makes a good argument for the ancient aliens theory, it’s Puma Punku. Puma Punku is located in Bolivia and is only around a quarter of a mile away from another famous ancient sight; Tiahuanaco. The funny thing is that on the show, they talk about Puma Punku being potentially much older than Tiahuanaco and that carbon dating has been unsuccessful so far in finding a definitive answer as to the age of the stones in Puma Punku.
Yet if you look this up on say Wikipedia, you’ll find that they consider Puma Punku as a part of Tiahuanaco and as such, from the same time period. Now, I’m by no means an expert in this type of thing, but I would think that common sense would dictate that this isn’t right.